Top 10 Longest Rivers In Africa

Longest Rivers In Africa

The longest river in Africa is River Nile, Stretching from the north for 6,853 km through 11 African countries which are, Rwanda, Sudan, Egypt, Burundi, Eritrea, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, and Ethiopia.

No doubt River Nile is the longest river in the world although the Amazon River is almost as long as River Nile.

But numerous  Brazilian studies have concluded that the Amazon River is more extended, for now, River Nile is the longest river in the world and also in Africa.

Top 10 Longest Rivers in Africa

 CountryAverage Figures
1Lagos State21 million People
2Kano State16 million People
3Oyo State15 million People
4Kaduna State12 Million People
5Rivers State11 Million People
6Katsina State10 Million People
7Bauchi State9 million People
8Anambra State8.5 Million People
9Jigawa State8 Million People
10Benue State7.5 Million People

Now let’s talk about the longest rivers in Africa.

1) Nile

The Nile is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa. It is the longest river in Africa and the disputed longest river in the world, as the Brazilian government says that the Amazon River is longer than the Nile. Wikipedia

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After much arguments and research River Nile was announced to be the longest river in the world with the length of 6,650 in kilometre.

The sources of this great river are the Blue Nile and the White Nile.

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2) Chambeshi (Congo) 

Just like a stream Chambeshi river rises in the mountains of northeast Zambia near Lake Tanganyika, which it’s height can reach up to 1,760 metres (5,770 ft) above sea level.

Chambeshi flows through multiple countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Zambia, Angola, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo, and Cameroon.

3) Niger

River Niger is the longest river in Nigeria and also in West Africa.

It flows in a semicircle through Nigeria, Benin’s border, Niger, and the Niger Delta before it flows into the Atlantic Ocean.

 

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4) Zambezi

Zambezi River is the fourth-longest river Africa and also the longest east-flowing river in Africa flowing into the Indian Ocean from Africa.

The Zambezi’s River, which its popular feature is Victoria Falls.

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There are two primary sources of hydroelectric power on the river Zambezi which is;

The Kariba Dam, which provides power to Zambia and Zimbabwe, and the Cahora Bassa Dam in Mozambique, which supplies power to Mozambique and South Africa.

5) Ubangi-Uele

The Ubangi River’s length is about 1,060km long while Uele River’s range is 1,210 long, so the combination of both forms the most extended branch which is 2,270 km long approximately.

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6) Orange

This river was named in honour of the Dutch ruling family, the House of Orange, by the Dutch explorer Robert Jacob Gordon.

Orange River forms part of the international borders between South Africa and Namibia and between South Africa and Lesotho, as well as various provincial borders within South Africa.

7) Kasai

The Kasai river which is also called Cassai in Angola is a tributary (left side) of the Congo River.

You can find Diamonds in this river. About 60 per cent of diamonds in Belgium go from Kasai river for either cutting or shaping.

8) Limpopo

Limpopo river begins its rise form in South Africa, and generally flows eastwards through Mozambique, and finally to the Indian Ocean.

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After the Zambezi River, Limpopo River is the second largest river in Africa that drains to the Indian Ocean.

9) Blue Nile

The Blue Nile, which is also called Black River, is a river originating at Lake Tana in Ethiopia.

The Blue Nile is formally called Black River because floods during the summer, the dry monsoon erode a vast amount of fertile soil from the Ethiopian Highlands and carry it downstream as silt, turning the water dark brown or almost black

10) Benue River

The Benue River, which was formerly known as the Chadda River or Tchadda, is the major tributary of the Niger River.

River Benue rises in Adamawa Plateau of northern Cameroon and then flows west, and also through the town of Garoua and Lagdo Reservoir, into Nigeria south of the Mandara mountains, and through Jimeta, Ibi and Makurdi before meeting the Niger River at Lokoja.

Benue River meets together, making them look like a twin going separate ways.

 

Significance of Longest Rivers In Africa

These rivers play a vital role in the economy of the countries where the rivers flow through.

Some of the Rivers makes the country close to it accessible just like River Niger which a country is named after it Niger and River Benue.